Approximately 6,000 years ago our ancestors walked through the Barcelona town of Gavà digging tunnels and galleries underground with the aim of extracting minerals such as turquoise or variscite to make jewelry.
We learned about this just 40 years ago when remodeling works in the Can Tintorer neighborhood brought out the light one of the oldest and best preserved prehistoric mines in all of Europe.
Views of the original Gavà caves
The model of galleries that we can see in the Gavà caves follows a complex structure and exceeds 200 hectares extension and so far more than 100 exits and entrances abroad have been known.
This Neolithic mine had the function of extracting ornamental stones to make necklaces that used to be currency of exchange between the different communities of the time. Being this the only one neolithic mine where the variscite was extracted helps us to draw a map of the influence that this community located in gavà had. Also, throughout the Gavà mining complex, flint from Provença and other pieces from the Alps or Sardinia have been found, something that tells us that the mining center itself was as an exporter as an importer of materials.
Main hall of the Gavà Archaeological Museum
Among the archaeological works that have been found through its galleries, the ceramic sculpture of the Venus of Gavà, several sets of funeral offerings and trepanned skulls.
How is the visit to the Gavà mines
Walking through the tunnels created as a replica in the museum