However, What exactly is globalization? How can it be analyzed? How is it quantified? Which are the most globalized countries in the world?
I recently read an article in The Irish Times which published a study by Ernst and Young, a reputable and internationally recognized audit firm, which placed Ireland as the third most globalized country in the world.
The study was carried out analyzing the opening to trade by each country, its capital movements, the exchange of technology, the flow of labor and the cultural integration.
Ireland appeared third in the ranking behind Hong Kong Y Singapore, in front of Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium Y United Kingdom.
I am honestly not surprised by this classification. Most of the countries cited would have been on my list if they had asked me which ones seemed to me the most globalized countries in the world.
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The high internet penetration, wide availability of broadband connections and high use of personal computers have helped Hong Kong to remain in the first position for the third consecutive year. Hong Kong led in three of the 5 categories analyzed: exchange of technology and ideas, capital flows and cultural integration.
Cultural integration seems to have pushed Ireland Towards the third position. The truth is not surprising. In Ireland, people from all over the world live harmoniously. There are no problems of racism and all people are accepted regardless of their origin, culture, religion, gender or sexual tendency. Great merit of the Irish, a very open people, very dignified and with whom it is a pleasure to live together.
Perhaps I'm surprised at the inclusion of Switzerland in that head group. I have never considered that alpine country as a banner of globalization. I have always associated her neutrality with a certain renunciation to mix with anything or anyone. On the other hand, during my trips to Germany I have met immigrants who first passed through Switzerland and ended up arriving in Germany, considering it to be a country of hippies compared to Swiss rigidity. That really says a lot, at least to me.
In any case, I imagine that Switzerland will have scored high in relation to capital flows. Perhaps Switzerland's ability to consider everyone the same, provided they have their pockets full, will have made them score high on the cultural integration?
And the Latin countries? What do you think, are they prepared for globalization?